Geoscientists study the nature, composition and structure of the earth to increase scientific knowledge, locate materials and minerals, and advise on the extraction of minerals, environmental protection and rehabilitation of land after mining.
Geoscientists may specialise as a Field/Exploration Geologist, Geochemist/Mineralogist, Geomorphologist, Hydrogeologist/Hydrologist, Mathematical Geologist, Mine Geologist, Palaeontologist, Stratigrapher or a Structural Geologist.
Geoscientists in the minerals industry may perform the following tasks:
- Explore specific areas of the earth to determine its structure and the types of rocks or minerals that exist;
- Study rock core, cuttings and samples;
- Study geostatics and sampling theory;
- Undertake ground magnetic and gravity surveys;
- Examine specimens in the lab using optical, x-ray and electron microscopes;
- Assist in determining the economics of extraction;
- Advise on geological suitability for structures;
- Contribute to environmental assessments;
- Use computers to integrate and interpret data;
- Prepare mathematical models to describe processes and predict future situations;
- Prepare geological reports;
- Supervise and coordinate the work of field officers.
Geosciences would suit someone who:
- Is interested in technical and engineering work, maths, earth science and chemistry;
- Likes to think spatially;
- Can prepare accurate records and reports;
- Has good oral and written communication skills;
- Likes to work outdoors in a range of environments which may include remote locations;
- Who likes problem solving and anlytical thinking.
Geophysicists study physical aspects of the earth to determine its structure and composition, locate minerals or ground water and to detect, monitor and forecast seismic, magnetic, electrical and thermal activity.
Tasks performed in the minerals industry may include:
- Conducting surveys of variations in the earth's gravitational and magnetic fields to determine its physical features;
- Investigating the structure and stability of the earth's mantle and crust;
- Studying the causes of earthquakes and other stress states of the earth's crust;
- Performing laboratory and field studies, ground and drill hole surveys;
- May supervise and coordinate the work of technical officers and technicians.
Skill Level for Geophysicists:
The entry requirement for this occupation is a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience is required in addition to the formal qualification.
Chief Geologist: $115,000 - $165,000
Senior Mine Geologist: $90,000 - $135,000
Mine Geologist: $75,000 - $110,000
Graduate Geologist: $60,000 - $85,000
Exploration Geologist: $75,000 - $125,000
Senior Exploration Geologist: $90,000 - $135,000
Source: www.hays.com.au (July 2008)
Entry is generally through a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience, such as Vac Work, is also required. For more information on related university courses, visit the Education & Training tab above.